Margot Adler, selections from "Heretic's Heart" Jentri Anders blog Berkeley Backlog Bettina Aptheker, Women and the FSM Jo Freeman, 1984 Reunion Speech Campus Women for Peace from the Rossman-Hollander Report Bettina Aptheker, 3/24/2014 as part of article on The Free Speech Movement: 50th Anniversary Lana Brown Muraskin, March 2014, A WOMAN’S PERSPECTIVE on the Free Speech Movement Sulamith Potter, PhD, Gender in the FSM
"While many male activists gained experience from joining groups such as the Freedom Riders, who challenged Jim Crow laws by riding segregated buses in the South, the culture was less permissive about letting females set off alone, according to Oregon State University professor emeritus Jean Moule, a veteran of the movement. As a result, many came into FSM and other activist movements lacking the organizing skills gained from such participation, leaving them less prepared from the start and making it harder for their voices to be heard at meetings. 'It was a reflection of the times that there were mostly men doing the talking,' Moule said. 'A single male had an advantage to make those kinds of decisions and get that kind of experience.'"
October 1, 1964:
Jackie Goldberg by Ron Enfield
© Ronald L. Enfield. Used with permission.
Oct. 2, 1964:
Ann Fagan Ginger speaks; Burton White holds microphone.
Tom Kuykendall photo. (c) FSM-A
November 9, 1964
L to R: Mary Hughes, Deborah Bartlett, Suzi Evalenko
Howard Harawitz photo
Patti Iiyama at Women for Peace Table
Ron Hecker photo. Used with permission.
December 2, 1964
Steven Marcus photo used with permission
November 9, 1964
Steven Marcus photo used with permission
December 3, 1964, Santa Rita
L to R: Marilyn Noble discusses bail issues with Bob Treuhaft while SF Chronicle reporter Carolyn Anspacher reports.
Ron Enfield photo. used with permission.
Sept. 16, 2014 Daily Cal Cartoon by Se Yeon Kim depicting Barbara Dane (who was actually playing guitar) singing Malvina Reynolds' song "It Isn't Nice" on December 2, 1964. KPFA/Pacific recording. Listen
The Women of FSM Central
7/6/1997, Oakland, CA
Interview with Marilyn Noble and Kathleen “Kitty” Piper
By Barbara T. Stack © 1999, 2004, 2009
Highlights [edited for brevity]
But I—in fact I wrote my master’s thesis on it [radical student movements], and that turns me to Berkeley, because I was in the process of trying to write my master’s thesis for my professor at Sac State, who just happened to have a lectureship down here at Berkeley in fall of ’64. Just pure happenstance.
And so I was up on the ninth floor (?) Sociology Department at Berkeley, and we’re talking and I look out, and there’s a police car, with a sea of people around it, and I looked at Dr. [Leonard] Cain and I said “What’s going on?’ and he said, “Well, I don’t understand all the details, but something about political activism on campus.” And I took the box of research I had on what I was trying to write, literally, physically shoved it under his desk and said “I think we’ll get to that later. I’m going downstairs to see what’s happening. And I got down there and within a little bit of time—I’m trying to remember whether it was several hours or actually it was working into the next day, but anyhow, when Mario finally climbed off the police car in his stocking feet, I walked over to him and I said, “Who does your laundry?” And of course the man looked at me as if I was utterly insane, and said, “Well, er, ah, I do.” And I said, “You won’t anymore. You just became a public figure. Where do you live?”
And that’s how I got involved. I basically moved in and took over the housekeeping functions, because I’m a one trick pony, but I manage to keep things going. Housewifery is very easy for me, and I put my skill at the use of my interests and my convictions and that’s why I ended up at… FSM Central basically was the old apartment of Mario and a couple of other people. And the other people sort of drifted out as we moved in en masse...
Early on I got frustrated cause I couldn’t get the information about what was going on. One of my earliest memories with Marilyn was we were standing outside the door of probably the second Executive Committee meeting which was over on Northside in a very dark wood-paneled kind of hall, I forget which it was. We decided we would serve coffee, so we just arranged this coffee urn on a cart and just wheeled ourselves into the door, you know, to find out what everybody was saying and what they were doing and there we were doing this coffee-maid routine. And I was doing it because I wanted to hear what these people were saying; I wanted to understand what these decisions were and who was making them. Pretty shortly they abolished coffee at Ex Com meetings. We got to do that about twice. And then they said, “No more coffee. Ex Com. meetings are already too long. We don’t want people to be comfortable.” The result was of course we had eight or ten hour Ex Com meetings with no relief.
My kind of specialty was communications,.…. I would find out what was happening and I would go tell my husband working in the games room, and by the end of the semester there were fifteen to twenty people coming into that games room every night to ask him what had happened at the Executive Committee Meeting, and what was going to go on the next morning, so all these people could go home to their living groups. Realizing later that someone from Oxford Hall would come, somebody from the dorm would come, you know, and they would go home and discuss with the people they lived with what was up. So by the time people came on campus the next morning and got the leaflet which was their first official word of what was going to occur, they already knew, they already knew what the controversies were, they already knew which personality was on which side if there was a disagreement and they had already made up their minds.
Interesting Women who participated in the FSM
(much more about them is available online) (and there are many more than listed here)
Arrested 12/3/1964 Margot Adler wiki NPR NY Times Obit Arrested 12/3/1964 Bettina Aptheker wiki Joan Baez wiki site Arrested 12/3/1964 Kate Coleman site Arrested 12/3/1964 Stephanie Coontz wiki site Barbara Dane wiki site Arrested 12/3/1964 Jo Freeman wiki site Arrested 12/3/1964 Barbara Garson wiki great audio interview Terry Garthwaite site Ann Ginger wiki FSM-A Page Arrested 12/3/1964 Jackie Goldberg wiki Arrested 12/3/1964 Jean Golson Moule website video Arrested 12/3/1964 Mona Hutchin Young Republican first woman to stand on cable car SF Chron 2/2/1965 Maxine Hong Kingston wiki FSM participation Arrested 12/3/1964 Patti Iiyama family activism Karen McLellan FSM-A Page Arrested 12/3/1964 Julia Vinograd poet FSM poems Alice Waters wiki Chez Panisse